Prevalence and associated factors of anemia among pregnant women attending ANC follow-up at Saint Paul’s millennium medical college, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2017
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Background: Anemia impairs cognitive development, reduces physical work capacity and in severe cases increases risk of mortality particularly during prenatal period. There are no previous studies done on anemia in pregnancy in the study area.
Objective: To assess the prevalence and determinant factors of anemia among pregnant women attending antenatal care follow up at saint Paul millennium medical college.
Methods: Health institutional based cross-sectional study design was conducted from SEPT, 2017 –JANUARY 2018among 380 pregnant mothers who had been attending antenatal care. Blood sample was taken to determine the hemoglobin concentration and hematocrit value. Interviewer administered structured questionnaire was used to assess different socio-demographic characteristics, obstetrics and dietary factors related to anemia.
Simple random sampling of every third patient was used to select study subjects. Data were entered with EPI info version 3.5.1Cleaning and analysis was done using SPSS version 17 and statistical tests were performed at the level of significance of 5%.
Result: The overall prevalence of anemia in this study using a cut off level of hemoglobin <11 g/dl (<33%haematocrit) was 21.6% (82/380). Among 82 mothers involved mild accounts 65(79.2%), moderate 14(17%) and 3(3%) were in the severe range. The following variables were significantly associated with anemia: Ethnicity (oromo(AOR=1.1)education status (illiterate (AOR=3.09)), PARITY>4(AOR=2.06) birth intervals (less than two years (AOR=1.39)),contraception (no contraception (AOR=3.05)),
Conclusion: The present study showed high prevalence of anemia and the majority of them were of the mild type (hemoglobin: 10-10.9 g/dl).